Investigation of the influence of hydrogen admixture and oxygen reduction in natural gas flames on characteristics and formation of emissions

Author: Sven Eckart

Organisation: Institut für Wärmetechnik und Thermodynamik

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Abstract

In a future sustainable society, hydrogen is expected to play an important role as an energy carrier. The transition path from pure natural gas to the use of mixtures, up to 50 % hydrogen, has to be investigated in more detail. The research that has been conducted focuses on the safety, pollutant emission and the stability areas of laminar flames. A significant parameter for the safety of burner systems is the laminar burning velocity. In this work, methane-hydrogen mixtures were measured experimentally and compared with numerical approaches using different reaction mechanisms. The Heat Flux Burner was used to measure the laminar burning velocity with high accuracy. In the present study, the laminar adiabatic burning velocities for methane-hydrogen-oxygen-nitrogen mixtures at different equivalence ratios and varied oxygen contents was investigated. The experimental data up to 20 % hydrogen at reduced oxygen content could only be partially reproduced by ten selected detailed reaction mechanisms. Further measurements are concerned with methane-hydrogen-air mixtures at different equivalence ratios, temperatures and hydrogen contents up to 50 %. For these parameters, an exhaust gas analysis was carried out as a function of the height above the burner with the aim of nitrogen oxide detections. Furthermore, for comparable conditions, non-premixed flames up to a hydrogen content of 50 % were investigated in more detail. The main focus was the determination of the extinction strain rate limits. It could be shown that these increase significantly in the case of hydrogen admixture, which could also be predicted by the numerical models. Finally, a comprehensive data set on laminar burning rates, extinction stretching rates and pollutants for methane- hydrogen flames up to a proportion of 50 % hydrogen could be generated. This can contribute to the improvement of existing reaction mechanisms and provide fundamental knowledge for the design of burners.