Critical Metals

Critical Metals

Thousands of electronics, aerospace, military, automotive, cleantech and renewable energy technologies rely on a range of critical metals which are essential to an industrial process - for which there is no actual or commercially viable substitute.

There are many critical metals in various areas of industry – for instance: gallium, platinum, tantalum, lithium, molybdenum, indium, copper and the so called "Rare Earth Elements". From a national economy’s point of view, the critical metals have strategic importance. Besides, some of them are even essential for a nation’s security system.

The aims of the research are:

  • Identification and analysis of the state and outlook of the demand and production of the critical metals.
  • Analysis of the national policies regarding the critical metals, including minerals and mining policies, trade policy, procurement policy and environmental policy.
  • Analysis of the strategies for supply or/and demand of the critical metal(s)

Current PhD research work:


Procurement strategies for Rare Earths 

With sponsorship from a large Chemical Company, Jiangxiue Liu is working on this PhD research work on the topic of procurement of Rare Earths which are crucial to many new industrial applications. At present, about 95 % of the world production is located in China and sourcing becomes more and more difficult. Many other deposits of Rare Earths exist around the Globe but their assessment is not easy. The aim of the work is developing a tool for characterizing the most promising deposits from the point of view of production quantities and risk with using so-called Monte Carlo simulations.