Submission of Papers


Papers should be submitted electronically in doc format to the following e-mail address:

imreatbwl [dot] tu-freiberg [dot] de

Accepted formats for graphs, pictures, figures and photos are PDF, JPEG, GIF and TIF. After peer review, the associate editor will contact the author. After acceptance of the article, it will be published at the website of the Journal in PDF format. Before sending a contribution applicants need to make sure that their contributions meet all academic standards. The requirements for the submission of papers include issues on format, citation and organization of the paper. Below you will find detailed information on each of these issues.

Concerning layout  and format a template is available for use before the publication of accepted and revised manuscripts. Note that you cannot not copy/paste all text of your paper at once, you must do it page by page to keep the proper format. Please contact: nicoleta [dot] guritaatbwl [dot] tu-freiberg [dot] de

Abstract / Foreword


The abstract should not exceed 150 words. It shall contain the hypothesis statement and a short summary of the Introduction, Methods, Results and Discussion sections.


Keywords will facilitate the identification of peer reviewers and members of the committee of editors. A number of three up to five key words shall be enough. Keywords should be placed at the bottom of the abstract.


All abbreviations and/or acronyms must be explained in parenthesis after first inclusion in the text; thereafter use just the abbreviation. If many unfamiliar abbreviations are used, a list of abbreviations at the end of the article before Appendix is required.

Figures and Tables

All figures and tables should be numbered chronologically. Tables and figures must include sources of information.


The Appendix section should not exceed 10 pages.

List of References

Literature references should be cited using the American Psychological Association (APA) style. References should be listed in alphabetical order.

CITATIONPlease use the APA style for citations in the text. Below you will find examples for citations from various types of sources including electronic publications. Cross check is important to ensure that all references cited are included in the reference list and that all references listed are cited in the text.

Print Publications


Format:Author, A. A., & Author, B.B. (2005).  Title of the book. Location: Publisher.
Example:Brooks, I. (2003). Organizational Behaviour Individuals, Groups and Organization. Harlow, UK: Prentice Hall.

Chapter in a book

Format:Author, A. A. (2005).  Title of chapter. In A. Editor, B. Editor & C. Editor (Eds.), Title of the book (p./pp. nnn-nnn). Location: Publisher.
Example:Clausen, H. and Hafkesbrink, J. (2003). Water Management Towards Sustainability – An Indicator System to Assess Innovations. In J. Horbach (Ed.), Indicator Systems for Sustainable Innovation (pp. 179-203). Heidelberg, Germany: Physica-Verlag.

Journal Articles

Format:Author, A. A., Author, B. B., and Author C. C. (2005). Title of Article. Title of Journal, volume, page – numbers.
Example:McCrigth, A. M., and Dunlap, R. E. (2003). Defeating Kyoto: The conservative movement’s impact on U.S. climate change policy. Social Problems, 50, 348-373.

Magazine Articles

Format:Author, A. A. if named or Article title if no author. (2005, Month day). Title of article if not given before. Title of Magazine, volume if given, page-numbers.
Example:Haverman,  J. (2005, September). Is market research unique?. Research World – Making a Difference, Vol. 13, 20-23.

Newspaper Articles

Format:Author if named or Article title if no author. (2004, Month day). Title of article if not given before. Title of Newspaper, p/pp. nn-nn.
Example:Nagourney, E. (2003, October 28). Impatience, at your own risk. The New York Times,  p. F6.

Review Articles

Format:Review author. (2004, Month day as needed). Review title [Review of the medium Title of item reviewed: Subtitle]. Title of periodical, publication information following appropriate format above.
Example:Commission of the European Communities. (2006, February 16th). [Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament: 2005 Environmental Policy Review]. Annual Environment Policy Reviews, Brussels: European Commission.

Electronic Publications

Online article

Format:Author, A. A., Author, B. B. & Author C. C. (2004). Title of Article. Title of Periodical, volume, page-numbers. Retrieved Month day, year, from source.
Example:The Economist. (2006). The world this week: Politics this week. Retrieved November 6th, 2006, from

Online Book

Format:Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (2004). Title of Book. Retrieved Month day, year, from source.
Example:Heggelund, G. et al. (2006). Cooperative Climate: Energy Efficiency Action in East Asia. Canada: International Institute for Sustainable Development. Retrieved November 6th, 2006, from IISD Publications Centre website:


Format:Author. (2004). Title of webpage: Subtitle if needed. Retrieved Month day, year, from source
Example:Bioenergy World: What is bioenergy. Retrieved November 7th, 2006 from

For citations in text:

One author

e.g. Another factor that influences individual behaviour is values (Brooks, 2003).

More than one author or editors as authors

e.g. The problem of water resources allocation has a quantitative and qualitative dimension (Clausen & Hafkesbrink, 2003 p. 180).

For more specific information on citation formats and/or academic writing please consult: ‘Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. 5th ed. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 2001. The official APA style guide’ or visit the following website:


The organization of the article shall follow the IMRAD format: Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion. The IMRAD format is a logical organizational system known by most writers.


The introduction part states clearly the hypotheses of the research, in other words, the nature and scope of the problem investigated. This section answers the question: What problem was studied?


The Methods section explains the methodology applied e.g. statistical analysis, questionnaires, etc. Basically, this section answers the question: How was the problem studied?


What were the findings? This section presents the data collected in the research and the results whether in the form of numbers or in a more descriptive way. Results might be included as part of the discussion.


What do these findings mean or why are they important? This section interprets the findings and presents recommendations with reference to the problem posed in the introduction section.