Ore Deposit Collection

links: Eiserner Hut, Huelva, Spanien; Mitte: rechts:Eudialyt mit Arfvedsonit und Feldspat, Grönland, Dänemark


The deposit collection has its roots in three sub-collections established by Abraham Gottlob WERNER (1749-1817). He called them the "physical" mineral collection, the "geographical" mineral collection or "suite collection" and the "economic" mineral collection. They were components of his mineral cabinet. After WERNER's death, geoscientific education was divided into mineralogy (oryctognosy) and geology (geognosy). Carl Amandus KÜHN (1783-1848), who was appointed to the Bergakademie in 1816 to support WERNER, began to build up a geognostic collection in 1818, which was considerably expanded by evidence from numerous mapping projects and stays abroad by Karl Friedrich NAUMANN (1797-1873) and Bernhard v. COTTA (1808-1879). Alfred Wilhelm STELZNER (1840-1895) formed the material into the ore deposit collection, which was later further systematised by Richard BECK (1858-1919). Friedrich SCHUMACHER (1884-1975) added extensive collections of foreign deposits. He reorganised the deposit collection and purposefully developed it into a unique teaching aid.

With the establishment of the chair "Lagerstättenlehre", Oskar Walter OELSNER (1902-1963) took over the scientific supervision of the collection. The rapid development of the geological sciences in the 1960s and 1970s led, among other things, to new working methods and approaches in the field of deposit research and theory. Under the direction of Ludwig BAUMANN (born 1929), the collection was completely restructured from 1972 to 1976 on the basis of his teaching concept.

During the creative period of O.W. OELSNER and L. BAUMANN, the Mining Academy was able to take over important holdings from other geoscientific institutions, e.g. the Historical Freiberg Mining Collection, an unparalleled mining documentation from 1820-1913. Other important additions were the collection of the "Einheit" mine in Elbingerode in 1991, the sample collection of the Uranerz Bonn GmbH and a collection of documents from the former SDAG Wismut. Considerable collections of specimens were brought in by excursions to Norway, Sweden, South Africa, Zimbabwe, Namibia and Spain.