Scientific Diving Center

The Scientific Diving Center (SDC) of TU Bergakademie Freiberg was founded in 2001 and built up to one of the leading scientific diving centers in Europe. It organizes and conducts research and higher education activities in the fields of underwater research.

Taucher mit Ausrüstung vor TauchgangScientific diving involves the application of scientific working methods at various levels and application areas of physics, chemistry, biology, geosciences, fluid mechanics, thermodynamics and engineering. All mentioned research fields are part of the profile of the TU Bergakademie Freiberg and supported actively by all faculties. Furthermore it is training and research center for professionals, scientists and PhD students from all over the world. To qualify the scientific divers the SDC offers lectures, practical training and several field trips. Participants can achieve 3 worldwide accepted qualification levels at the SDC for scientific diving.

Please refer to the website of the Scientific Diving Center for more detailed information.

The SDC TU Freiberg can support projects as follows:

  1. Train students and researchers to oblain the needed qualificatopn for under water work in disciplines like e.g. geosciences, environmental science an engineering.
  2. Complete equipment for underwater research e.g. diving, measuring, monitoring.
  3. Developing of underwater measuring equipment e.g. temperatur, water analysis, volume flow, sampling und preparation (sediments, water, biota,...)
  4. Implementation an evaluation of monitoring from underwater habitats e.g. reef check, water chemistry, ...
  5. Surveying and mapping of underwater sites

The SDC Freiberg has worked on topics like e.g.:

  • Graduated more than 200 scientific divers
  • Development of devices for underwater research like e.g. housings for sensors, heat flow and temperature gradients (in sediments at sea bottom), continues reading of gas flow from sea bottom, CO2 and H2S in water, water and gas sampling, mobile air lift and drilling in sediments by divers
  • Impact of tourism on coastal regions, e.g. Mediterranean coast of Croatia
  • Influence of submarine volcanic activity on the water structure (natural laboratory for oceanic acidification and influence on biodiversity (e.g. extreme microorganisms)
  • Long-term monitoring of e.g. massive gas volumetric flows, temperature distribution and heat flow in the sediment, growth and distribution of indicator plants (e.g. sea weed, corals)
  • Investigations of groundwater contamination from different aquifers in the Dead Sea under extreme diving conditions
  • Reef check and education of divers at the Red Sea
  • Investigations in lakes and artificial reservoirs (e.g. mine lakes) in Germany
  • Developing and accompany of Spin Offs e.g. GEOWID
  • Establishment of a scientific diving unit at marine Science Center at Basrah university, Iraq
  • Discovery and investigation of a living coral reef in the coastal waters and, investigations in a karst cave within an endorheic desert lake (Sawa Lake), Iraq
  • Plan and implement of international conferences e.g. "Research in Shallow Marine and Freshwater Systems" in 2009.

Future Developments:

Airlift zum Entfernen von SedimentThe SDC TU Freiberg is planning activities in the field of development of underwater sensors e.g. for mercury, organic substance (oil, pesticides), micro-plastics and long term monitoring (>1 year) equipment.

References (abstract)

  • Stanulla, R., Stanulla, C., Pohl, T., Merkel, B. (2017): Structural and mineralogical study of active hydrothermal fluid discharges at Strýtan hydrothermal chimney, Akureyri Bay, Eyjafjörður region, Iceland, Geothermal Energy, 5:8, DOI 10.1186/s40517-017-0065-0
  • Gutekunst, V., Müller, A.U., Pohl, T., Lehnert, H., Malik, H., Fawzi, N., Brümmer, F. (2017) Ciocalypta colorata n.sp. Description of a new species and first record of the genus from Persian Gulf, submitted to Zootaxa
  • Stanulla, R., Pohl, T., Mueller, C., Engel, J., Hoyer, M., Broder, M., (2017): Structural and Mineralogical Study of Active and Inactive Hydrothermal Fluid Discharges in Panarea, Italy, Environmental Earth Sciences, 76:404, (2017),DOI 10.1007/s12665-017-6714-6
  • Stanulla, R., Barth, G., Ganß, R., Reich, M., Merkel, B., Development of a mobile airlift pump for scientific divers and its application in sedimentological underwater research, (2016), Underwater Technology, Vol. 34, No. 1, pp. 39–43, DOI:10.3723/ut.34.039
  • Pohl, T., Al-Muqdadi, S.W., Al-Mudaffar Fawzi, N., Ehrlich, H., Merkel, B. (2014) Discovery of a living coral reef in the coastal waters of Iraq, Scientific Reports Nature 4, Article number: 4250,doi:10.1038/srep04250
  • Schipek, M, Sieland R, Steinbrückner D, Ponepal M, Bauer K & Merkel B (2013) CO2 Fluxes in the Submarine Hydrothermal System of Panarea. Mineralogical Magazine, 77(5) 2154
  • Merkel, B., Planer-Friedrich, B., Pohl, T. & Schipek, M. (2011) Development of a Gas Sampling Technique for Determining Trace Elements in Submarine Volcanic Gas Exhalations. Procedia Earth and Planetary Science, Volume 4, 50-56.
  • Schipek, M. & Merkel, B. (2011) Continuous monitoring of dissolved CO2 and H2S: Technical application in the submarine hydrothermal system of Panarea, Italy. Procedia Earth and Planetary Science, Volume 4, 74-79.
  • Heinicke, J., Italiano, F., Maugeri, R., Merkel, B., Pohl, T., Schipek, M., Braun, T. (2009): Evidence of tectonic control on active arc volcanism: the Panarea-Stromboli tectonic link by submarine hydrothermal vents monitoring. Geophysical Research letters, 36.
Gruppenbild auf einem Boot in Panarea 2017
Gruppenfoto Panarea 2017
geologische Formation
Gruppenbild des Tauchcamp 2 in Ammelshain 2017
Gasmessgerät zum Messen heißer, austretender Gase an Land
Muschelbewuchs am Steinbruchs Ammelshain
Taucher beim Einstieg ins Boot
Taucher in der Auftauchphase
Temperaturmessung unter Wasser
Transport des Messgerätes für den Volumenstrom
Taucher beim Überprüfen ihrer Ausrüstung
Videodokumentation der Untersuchungen und Tauchspots