VI INNOVATIONS FOR SUSTAINABLE PRODUCTS

Sustainable Chemical Products

Today: LinearPlastics

In the German chemical industry, 15.5 million tons of crude oil and petroleum products are used yearly to manufacture plastics and basic chemicals.1 At the end of their lifespan, plastic waste is incinerated which results in around 13 million tons of CO₂ being released into the atmosphere.2

Grafik_linearplastik_heute

Our Vision: CircularPlastics

Waste is no longer incinerated, but used as a raw material for chemical production. This means that carbon-containing waste is recirculated into the carbon cycle. Such a transformation from the linear economy to a carbon circular economy would reduce CO₂ emissions in Germany by up to 33 million tons of CO₂ in 2030, and up to 56 million tons of CO₂ in 2050.2

Grafik Lineare Plastik Zukunft


Sustainable Transportation Fuels

Today: Fossil Fuels

In Germany, 84 million tons of fuels are produced from imported crude oil every year.3 This generates 170 million tons of CO₂ in transport sectors.4 Today's internal combustion engines are to be replaced by e-mobility and hydrogen mobility (fuel cells) in the future. However, this is not possible in all transport sectors, e.g. in aviation, in shipping and in heavy truck traffic. Low-emission fuels will therefore remain necessary in the long run.

 

Grafik Fossile Kraftstoffe HEUTE

Our Vision: Green Fuels

Wood waste can be used for the production of low-carbon fuels. In Germany, 7.8 million tons of wood waste are currently being combusted.5 Instead of combusting wood waste, 2.1 million tons of green fuel could be generated and up to 6.8 million tons of CO₂ avoided.

Grafik Grüne Kraftstoffe ZUKUNFT


Hydrogen for a Low Carbon Economy

Today: Hydrogen from fossil natural gas

In Germany, 471 thousand tons of hydrogen are generated yearly from natural gas for the chemical industry,6 whereby 5 million tons of CO₂ is emitted into the atmosphere.7

Wasserstoff aus fossilem Erdgas - HEUTE

Our Vision: Hydrogen WITHOUT CO₂ emissions

Hydrogen can be generated sustainably without CO₂ emissions through
(1) water electrolysis with renewable electricity,
(2) methane pyrolysis with renewable electricity and
(3) biomethane pyrolysis with renewable electricity.
Paths (1) & (2) are CO₂ neutral, path (3) can even have negative CO₂ emissions, i.e. CO₂ is extracted from the atmosphere.

Grafik Wasserstoff ohne CO2 Emissionen ZUKUNFT


Link weiterführende Informationen zu unserem Institut

To the top of the page

References

  1. Verband der chemischen Industrie (VCI) e.V.: Daten und Fakten zur Rohstoffbasis der Chemieindustrie, published: November 22, 2019; https://www.vci.de/vci/downloads-vci/top-thema/daten-fakten-rohstoffbasis-chemieindustrie.pdf (accessed February 20, 2020)
  2. Berechnungen der TU Bergakademie Freiberg (Institut für Energieverfahrenstechnik und Chemieingenieurwesen, Professur für Energieverfahrenstechnik und thermische Rückstandsbehandlung) innerhalb des BMBF-Verbundvorhabens StoKo: Nachhaltigkeitsbewertung von Konzepten für die Kohlenstoffkreislaufwirtschaft unter Einbindung der stofflichen Braunkohlenutzung; Förderkennzeichen 03SF0559B; Laufzeit: 01.04.2018 – 31.08.2019
  3. Mineralölwirtschaftsverband (MWV) e.V.: Jahresbericht 2019 – Neue Technologien für mehr Klimaschutz; https://www.mwv.de/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/MWV_Jahresbericht_2019_Web_191219.pdf (accessed February 20, 2020); p. 70
  4. Bundesministerium für Umwelt, Naturschutz und nukleare Sicherheit (BMU): Klimaschutz in Zahlen – Fakten, Trends und Impulse deutscher Klimapolitik, Ausgabe 2019; Berlin, 2019; https://www.bmu.de/fileadmin/Daten_BMU/Pools/Broschueren/klimaschutz_zahlen_2019_broschuere_bf.pdf (accessed February 20, 2020); p. 37
  5. Statistisches Bundesamt: Umwelt - Abfallentsorgung 2017; Fachserie 19, Reihe 1; published: 25.06.2019; https://www.destatis.de/DE/Themen/Gesellschaft-Umwelt/Umwelt/Abfallwirtschaft/Publikationen/Downloads-Abfallwirtschaft/abfallbilanz-pdf-5321001.pdf?__blob=publicationFile (accessed February 20, 2020)
  6. Verband der chemischen Industrie (VCI) e.V.: Chemiewirtschaft in Zahlen 2019; Coburg, August 2019; https://www.vci.de/vci/downloads-vci/publikation/chemiewirtschaft-in-zahlen-print.pdf (accessed February 20, 2020)
  7. Thinkstep GmbH: GaBi Professional database, Version 9.2; release date: 2019-07-09