Mining Town Freiberg
850 years Freiberg - from silver to silicon
Freiberg - the city in the heart of Saxony - situated between 360 and 440 metres above sea level, is an attractive business and residential location at the foot of the Osterzgebirge mountains. Not far away are the large cities of Dresden and Chemnitz. The entire city area covers an area of 48,082,115 m²..
The university town of Freiberg embodies tradition and modernity in a fascinating way. The rich heritage of silver mining, which is still visible everywhere today, was the basis for a successful development into a modern business and science location. Today Freiberg is regarded far beyond the borders of Saxony as a place of innovation that is oriented towards the requirements of the future. In addition to a strong practical orientation due to the close connection between business and science, Freiberg offers the best framework conditions for learning, research and teaching.
The city, once dominated by mining, has undergone a structural change in recent decades to become a technology location in the field of semiconductor production and solar technology.
The city and university are taking a future-oriented path together. This is expressed not only in the joint revitalization of the formerly ruined Freudenstein Castle, which today houses the terra mineralia, but also in the "Science Corridor" project. By 2015, a new teaching and research location for the Mining Academy is to be built opposite the castle, where the Faculty of Economics and the International University Centre will find their new home. The old town and campus will thus move closer together and Freiberg's reputation as a university town will be further enhanced.
Freiberg with its almost 41,500 inhabitants belongs rather to the small town category. This is what gives Freiberg a very special flair as a university town. Besides bars, cafés and restaurants, Freiberg also has a lot to offer tourists and visitors. The city has 1250 technical, art-historical and cultural monuments of various types and sizes. The historic old town, surrounded by remains of the town wall, consists of an undestroyed town centre with an unchanged ground plan from the 12th/13th century. The diversity is complemented by numerous geoscientific collections. Freiberg also sets cultural accents: With the chairmanship of the European Association of Towns with Historic Organs (ECHO) Freiberg continues the European idea and honours one of the greatest organ builders: Gottfried Silbermann, of whom four original instruments can still be heard in the city. Freiberg is also home to the oldest municipal theatre in the world. Operated as a two-part house, it makes the Central Saxon Philharmonic Orchestra and the acting ensemble known on many stages even outside Saxony.
Impressive monuments and pure culture
Silver mining, which began here in the 11th century, shaped the face of the town, which today attracts visitors from all over the world. An almost completely preserved medieval town centre impresses with important cultural and architectural monuments such as St. Marien Cathedral or Freudenstein Castle, which, in addition to the mining archive, houses the university's foundation collection, the terra mineralia. Even underground in Freiberg you can trace the traces of the past and admire the technical masterpieces of the miners.